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Maximize Your Harvest: Learn How to Grow Cabbage Like a Pro

Dr Ahsanur Rahman, PHD

About the Author

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Dr Ahsanur Rahman, PhD, is a Bangladeshi forest researcher who has worked extensively on the ecology and management of the country's forests. He has authored or co-authored over 100 scientific papers and is widely recognized as an expert on the subject. Dr Rahman is currently working as a senior Research Officer at, Forest Protection Division (Forest Pathology), Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Name: Dr Ahsanur Rahman, PHD

Email: [email protected]

Cabbage is a leafy vegetable that can be green, red, or white in color. It is related to other cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower. Cabbage can be grown in the garden from seed or transplants.

The best time to plant cabbage is in the spring, about 2-3 weeks before the last frost date. Cabbage prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade.

  • Start with seeds or seedlings
  • If you’re starting with seeds, plant them indoors in pots about six weeks before the last frost date for your area
  • Transplant seedlings to your garden after all danger of frost has passed and the soil is warm
  • Choose a sunny spot in your garden with well-drained soil
  • Space plants 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 cm) apart, depending on the size of the cabbage head you want to grow
  • Amend the soil with compost or manure before planting if needed
  • Water regularly, providing 1 to 2 inches (2
  • 5 to 5 cm) per week, especially during hot, dry weather
How to Grow Cabbage


How Long Does It Take for Cabbage to Grow?

How long does it take for cabbage to grow? Cabbage is a fast-growing vegetable, and you can expect it to be ready to harvest in as little as 60 days. Of course, this will vary depending on the variety of cabbage you’re growing, as well as the growing conditions.

In general, though, you can expect your cabbage to be ready to harvest in around two months.

What is the Best Month to Plant Cabbage?

There are a few things to consider when deciding the best month to plant cabbage. The first is the average last frost date in your area. Cabbage is a cool weather crop and can tolerate some frost, but you don’t want to plant it too close to the last frost date.

Another thing to consider is the length of your growing season. Cabbage takes about 70 days to mature, so if you have a short growing season, you’ll want to plant it early so it has time to mature before the first frost. Finally, you’ll want to consider what other crops are being planted in your garden.

Cabbage does best when planted with other cool weather crops like lettuce, spinach, and kale. So when is the best month to plant cabbage? It depends on your location and growing conditions, but generally speaking, the best time to plant cabbage is in late winter or early spring.

Is Cabbage Easy to Grow?

Cabbage is a cool weather crop that can be grown in both spring and fall. It is relatively easy to grow, but there are a few things to keep in mind. Cabbage prefers a well-drained, fertile soil with a pH of 6.0-6.8.

The best way to prepare your soil is to add compost or other organic matter prior to planting. Cabbage also requires consistent moisture, so make sure to water regularly (especially during hot, dry periods). To plant cabbage, start by sowing seeds indoors about 4-6 weeks before your last frost date.

Once the seedlings have emerged, thin them out so that only the strongest plants remain. When transplanting outdoors, space the plants 18-24 inches apart in rows that are 2-3 feet apart. Be sure to protect young plants from frost by covering them with row covers or plastic mulch until they are established.

Once the heads begin to form, you can gently bend over the outer leaves to cover and protect them from the sun (this will help prevent them from turning yellow). To harvest cabbage, simply cut the heads off at ground level when they reach the desired size (usually around 6-8 inches in diameter). Store freshly harvested cabbage in a cool, dark place and enjoy all season long!

How Many Cabbage Heads Do You Get Per Plant?

Assuming you are talking about the common green cabbage (Brassica oleracea), you can expect to get 1-2 heads per plant. This may vary somewhat depending on the cultivar, growing conditions, and other factors. For example, if you fertilize heavily or water frequently, each plant may produce multiple smaller heads rather than a few large ones.

How to Grow Cabbage, Complete Growing Guide

How to Grow Cabbage from Seed

If you’re looking to add some cabbage to your garden this year, why not try growing it from seed? Cabbage is a relatively easy plant to grow from seed, and with just a little care and attention, you can enjoy fresh, homegrown cabbage all season long! Here’s what you need to know to get started:

When to sow: Cabbage seeds can be sown indoors in late winter or early spring, 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. If you’re sowing directly outdoors, wait until 2-3 weeks before the last frost date. What you’ll need: All you need to grow cabbage from seed is a pot or tray filled with good quality seed starting mix, some cabbage seeds, and a warm place to keep your plants until they germinate.

If you’re growing indoors, you’ll also need a grow light. How to sow: Sow cabbage seeds thinly in rows on the surface of your planting mix. Gently press them into the soil but don’t cover them up as they need light to germinate.

Water well and place in a warm spot out of direct sunlight. Keep the soil moist but not wet until seeds germinate (this usually takes 7-14 days). Once they’ve sprouted, thin out the weaker seedlings so that only the strongest remain.

These can then be transplanted into individual pots or outdoors into your prepared garden bed.

How to Grow Cabbage at Home Without Seeds

Cabbage is a cool weather crop that is easy to grow in the home garden. Cabbage can be started from seed, transplanted from another location, or even grown without seeds. To grow cabbage without seeds, you will need to start with a young plant.

You can purchase young plants at your local nursery or gardening center. Once you have your young plant, simply transplant it into your garden bed. Be sure to water it well and keep an eye on it for the first few days to make sure it’s getting established.

After that, cabbage is relatively low-maintenance and will produce heads of deliciousness in about 60-90 days!

How to Grow Cabbage from Scraps

Did you know that you can regrow cabbage from scraps? All you need is a little water and patience and you’ll have a new head of cabbage in no time. Here’s how to do it:

1. Cut the cabbage in half, then slice each half into thin strips. 2. Place the strips in a jar or container filled with water. 3. Put the jar in a sunny spot and wait for the roots to grow, which will take about two weeks.

4. Once the roots are about an inch long, plant the strips in soil. Be sure to keep them moist until they’re established. 5. Harvest your new cabbage heads when they’re big enough to eat!

Growing Cabbage in Containers

Cabbage is a cool weather vegetable that can be grown in containers. It is best to start cabbage plants indoors about 6-8 weeks before the last frost date in your area. Cabbage seeds can be sown directly into the container, but it is best to transplant seedlings for a head start on the growing season.

When selecting a container for cabbage, choose one that is at least 12 inches wide and 18 inches deep. Be sure to punch drainage holes in the bottom of the pot so that excess water can drain out. Fill the container with a high quality potting mix and water well.

Cabbage plants need full sun to partial shade and regular watering to thrive. Water the soil, not the leaves, as wet foliage can lead to fungal diseases. Fertilize every 2-3 weeks with a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 or 20-20-20.

Follow package directions for application rates based on the size of your container. Harvest cabbage when heads are firm and fully developed. Cut heads from plant, being careful not to damage surrounding leaves or roots.

Growing Cabbage in Winter

Are you looking for a winter crop to add to your garden? Cabbage is a great option! This cool weather vegetable is not only easy to grow, but it’s also packed with nutrients.

Here’s everything you need to know about growing cabbage in winter. When to Plant Cabbage can be planted in early spring or fall, making it a perfect winter crop.

In most parts of the country, the best time to plant cabbage is six to eight weeks before the first frost date. This will give the plants enough time to mature before the cold weather sets in. If you live in a climate with very mild winters, you can even sow cabbage seeds directly into the ground in late winter.

Just be sure to protect young seedlings from frost damage with a cloche or row cover. How to Grow Cabbage is relatively easy to grow, but there are a few things to keep in mind.

First, make sure you choose a sunny spot in your garden for planting. Cabbage needs at least six hours of sunlight each day to thrive.

Fertilizer for Cabbage

Cabbage is a cool weather crop that does best in temperatures between 60-70 degrees F. It is a hardy vegetable that can tolerate some frost and will actually develop a sweeter flavor if exposed to frost before harvest. Cabbage grows best in well-drained, loamy soils with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. Before planting, amend the soil with 2-3 inches of compost or well-rotted manure and work it into the top 8 inches of soil.

If your soil is heavy clay or sandy, you may need to add more organic matter to improve drainage and help retain moisture. Be sure to test your soil’s pH level and adjust accordingly. Cabbage can be direct seeded or started indoors as transplants 4-6 weeks before the last average frost date in your area.

Sow seeds 1/4 inch deep in rows 18-24 inches apart. Thin seedlings to 12-18 inches apart when they are 4-6 inches tall. For transplants, set out plants after all danger of frost has passed and provide them with some protection from wind for the first week or two after transplanting by covering them with inverted baskets, plastic cloches, or low tunnels until they have time to establish roots in their new location .

Fertilize cabbage plants twice during their growing season: once when seedlings are 4-6 weeks old, and again 4 weeks later. Use a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 at the rate of 1 tablespoon per 10 square feet (or follow package directions).

Cabbage Growing Temperature

Cabbage is a cool weather crop that does best in temperatures between 60-70 degrees Fahrenheit. However, it can tolerate some frost and can even be grown as a winter crop in areas with mild winters. Cabbage prefers full sun but will also do well in partial shade.

To start cabbage seeds indoors, sow them about 6 weeks before the last expected frost date. Sow the seeds ½ inch deep in seed-starting mix and keep the soil moist. Once they germinate, thin the seedlings so that only the strongest remain.

Transplant the seedlings outdoors after the last frost date, spacing them 18-24 inches apart in rows 2-3 feet apart. In most cases, you won’t need to fertilize your cabbage plants as they will do well in average garden soil. However, if your soil is particularly poor you can side dress the plants with compost or manure when they are about 6 inches tall and again when they begin to form heads.

To prevent insect damage and disease, keep your cabbage plants well watered and monitor them for pests (such as aphids) regularly. Harvesting cabbage is simple – just cut off the head at ground level when it reaches maturity (usually after about 70 days). Store harvested cabbages in a cool, dark place until you are ready to use them.

Cabbage Growing Stages

If you’re thinking about growing cabbage in your garden, it’s important to know the different stages of growth so you can properly care for your plants. Here’s a look at the different stages of cabbage growth: Stage 1: Seed Germination

The first stage of cabbage growth is seed germination. Once you’ve planted your seeds, they’ll need to be kept moist in order to germinate. This process can take anywhere from 5-10 days.

Stage 2: Seedling Growth Once the seeds have germinated, they’ll start to grow into seedlings. At this stage, it’s important to keep them well-watered and fertilized so they can continue to grow strong.

This stage lasts for about 3-4 weeks. Stage 3: Head Formation After the seedlings have grown for a few weeks, they’ll start to form heads.

This process takes about 6-8 weeks from planting until harvest time. During this stage, it’s important to keep an eye out for pests and diseases that could damage the crop.


To grow cabbage, start by planting seeds in soil that is high in organic matter. Water the seeds regularly, and thin out the seedlings when they are about 4 inches tall. When the plants are big enough, transplant them into a garden bed or container.

Be sure to space the plants at least 18 inches apart so they have room to grow. Keep the plants well-watered, and apply a layer of mulch around each plant to help retain moisture. Harvest your cabbage when the heads are large and firm.