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What Are Wood Pellets & How Are They Made?

Dr Ahsanur Rahman, PHD

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Wood pellets are a type of biomass fuel that is made from compressed sawdust or other wood waste. The pellets are usually about the size of a pencil eraser and they can be used in pellet stoves or boilers to generate heat or electricity. Wood pellets are made by compressing wood waste under high pressure.

The resulting product is a denser, more uniform material that burns more efficiently than loose sawdust. Pellets can be made from any type of wood, but softwoods like pine and spruce are the most commonly used.

Wood pellets are made from wood that has been ground up into a sawdust-like consistency and then formed into pellets using heat and pressure. The resulting product is a highly compressed pellet that is very dense and burns hot and clean.

How It's Made: Wood Pellets

How Do You Manufacture Wood Pellets?

Wood pellets are made by compressing sawdust or other wood products into a small, dense pellet. The process of making wood pellets is fairly simple and can be done in a few steps. First, the sawdust is collected and placed in a large container called a hopper.

The hopper is then fed into a machine that compress the sawdust into pellets. The pellets are then cooled and stored until they are ready to be used. The manufacturing process of wood pellets can vary depending on the type of pellet being made.

For example, some manufacturers add binders to the sawdust in order to make the pellets stronger and more durable. Others may add flavorings or other ingredients to improve the taste or smell of the pellets. However, the basic process of compressing sawdust into pellets remains the same regardless of what else is added to them.

Wood pellets are a popular choice for home heating because they are relatively cheap and easy to use. They can also be used as fuel for industrial boilers or power plants. Wood pellet production has increased significantly in recent years due to the growing demand for this type of fuel.

What Holds the Wood Pellets Together?

Wood pellets are held together by a binder, typically lignin. Lignin is a natural polymer that helps to give plants their structure. When wood is heated and dried, the lignin breaks down and binds the wood fibers together.

This process is known as pelletization.

What Type of Wood is Used to Make Wood Pellets?

Wood pellets are a type of fuel made from compressed sawdust or other woody debris. They are typically made from softwoods such as pine or spruce, but can also be made from hardwoods such as oak or maple. The wood is first ground into a powder and then mixed with a binding agent before being pressed into pellets.

The most common type of binding agent used is lignin, which is a natural polymer found in wood. Other binders that can be used include starch, wax, and even cement. The pellets are then typically air-dried to remove any moisture content prior to being shipped off to consumers.

One of the benefits of using wood pellets for fuel is that they have a very high BTU value ( British thermal unit). This means that they produce more heat per pound than other types of biomass fuels such as cordwood or chips. Additionally, since the pellets are so dense they also tend to burn longer than other fuels.

Do Wood Pellets Contain Chemicals?

There is a lot of misinformation out there about wood pellets. Some people believe that because they are made from compressed wood, they must contain chemicals. This simply isn’t true.

Wood pellets are made from 100% natural wood, with no added chemicals or binders. The only thing that’s added to them is heat and pressure, which causes the wood to break down and form pellets.

How are Wood Pellets Made
What Are Wood Pellets & How Are They Made? 4


Making Wood Pellets for Profit

As the cost of traditional fuels continue to rise, many people are turning to wood pellets as an alternative source of heat. Not only are they a renewable resource, but they’re also relatively inexpensive to produce. If you’re thinking about making wood pellets for profit, there are a few things you need to know.

Wood pellets are made from compressed sawdust or other wood waste. They’re usually about the size of a pencil eraser and can be used in pellet stoves or furnaces to generate heat. In order to make your own wood pellets, you’ll need a pellet mill.

Pellet mills come in a variety of sizes, but for home use, a small flat die pellet mill is typically all that’s needed. These mills range in price from around $1000 up to several thousand dollars. The cost of the mill will depend on its size and features.

Once you have your pellet mill, you’ll also need a source of raw material. If you have access to sawdust or woodchips, that’s often the cheapest option. You can also purchase bags of sawdust or chips from lumberyards or online retailers.

Be sure to get kiln-dried material if possible as it will result in higher quality pellets. The process of making wood pellets is relatively simple – just feed your raw material into the hopper on top of the pellet mill and let it do its work! Depending on the size of your pellet mill, it will take between 4 and 6 hours to produce 1 ton (2000 lbs) of pellets.

Assuming you sell your pellets for $250 per ton, that means each hour spent producing them is generating $41-$63 in revenue – not bad! Of course, there are some costs associated with running a Pellet Mill such as electricity and maintenance so be sure to factor those in when deciding if making wood pellets is right for you!

What Holds Wood Pellets Together

When it comes to wood pellets, there are a few things that hold them together. The first is the type of wood that they are made from. Hardwoods like oak and hickory have more natural fibers that bind together well, while softer woods like pine will have fewer binding fibers.

The second factor is the size of the pellets. Smaller pellets will have more surface area in contact with each other and will therefore bind together better than larger pellets. Finally, the moisture content of the pellets plays a role in how well they stick together.

Pellets with higher moisture content will be sticky and bind together better than those with lower moisture content. So what exactly holds wood pellets together? It’s a combination of the type of wood they’re made from, their size, and their moisture content.

How are wood pellets used in the production of biomass energy?

Wood pellets are a key component in how biomass energy works. They are used as a renewable and sustainable source for generating electricity and heat. The pellets are burned to produce energy, reducing reliance on fossil fuels and minimizing environmental impact.

Wood Pellet Machine

Wood pellets are an easy way to make your own fuel. All you need is a wood pellet machine and some wood. Wood pellets are made by compressing sawdust or other wood waste into small, uniform pellets.

They can be used in any Pellet stove or boiler that burns wood pellets as fuel. The benefits of using wood pellets as fuel are many. Wood pellets are environmentally friendly because they are a renewable resource.

They also burn cleaner than other fossil fuels, producing less pollution and emissions. Additionally, wood pellets are cost effective, especially when compared to the price of oil and gas. If you’re interested in making your own wood pellets, there are a few things you should know before getting started.

First, you’ll need to choose the right type of pellet machine for your needs. There are both home-use and commercial machines available on the market. Second, you’ll need to source your materials – either from sawdust or other sources of biomass like leaves or corn stalks.

And finally, you’ll need to have a place to store your finished product until it’s ready to use. With a little bit of planning and preparation, making your own wood pellets can be easy and rewarding!


Wood pellets are made by compressing wood fibers together under high pressure. The process of making pellets is similar to making sawdust, but the end product is much denser and can be used for fuel. Pellets are made from a variety of woods, including hardwoods like oak and softwoods like pine.

The type of wood used will affect the quality of the pellet, as well as the price. Protection Status